Campine Chicken Breed Guide

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Campine chickens are a Belgian breed known for their striking appearance and active nature. They have distinctive barred plumage, with black and white stripes running across their feathers. Campines are dual-purpose birds, valued for both egg production and meat.

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Physical Characteristics

Campine chickens are small to medium-sized birds. They have a compact and sleek body shape with an upright stance. The primary colors of their feathers are black and white, arranged in distinctive barred patterns across their bodies. Campines have a rose comb, which is small and flat, sitting close to their heads without any wattles. They do not have any other unique physical features like feathered feet or crests.

Campine Egg Production

Campine chickens typically lay around 3 to 4 eggs per week. Their eggs are medium-sized and white in color. While they may not lay as frequently as some other breeds, Campines are known for consistent egg production throughout the laying season.

Temperament and Behavior

Campine chickens are known for their active and alert temperament. They tend to be more flighty and independent compared to some other breeds. While they may not be as docile as some breeds, they can still be friendly towards humans, especially if handled gently from a young age. Campines generally do well with children and other pets, but their active nature may require supervision to prevent them from getting into mischief. They handle both confinement and free-ranging environments well, although they may prefer the latter to express their natural foraging instincts and explore their surroundings.

Hardiness and Climate Tolerance

Campine chickens are generally adaptable to various climates. They can tolerate both cold and hot weather, although they may need additional protection in extreme conditions. In terms of hardiness, Campines are considered relatively robust and disease-resistant, making them suitable for backyard flocks and small-scale farming operations. However, providing proper housing and care is essential to ensure their well-being in any climate.


Campine chickens were primarily developed for egg production. They were valued for their ability to lay a good number of eggs, particularly during the early 20th century. While they’re not as commonly used for meat production, their eggs are still appreciated for their quality and flavor. Overall, Campines perform well in their intended purpose as reliable egg layers in backyard flocks and small-scale poultry operations.

Broodiness of Campine Chickens

Campine chickens are not particularly prone to going broody. However, if they do become broody, they can make attentive mothers. They will diligently sit on their eggs to hatch them and care for the chicks once they’ve hatched, exhibiting good maternal instincts despite their occasional tendency to go broody.

Campine Feeding Requirements

Campine chickens do well on a balanced diet of commercial poultry feed. This feed should be formulated specifically for laying hens to support egg production. Additionally, supplementing their diet with kitchen scraps or treats like fruits and vegetables can provide added nutrition and variety. Ensure they always have access to clean water and avoid feeding them foods that are harmful to chickens, such as avocado or chocolate.

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Space and Housing Needs

Campine chickens require about 4 square feet of coop space per bird to roost comfortably. In the run, they should have at least 10 square feet per bird to allow for ample exercise and foraging. Ensure the coop is well-ventilated and predator-proof, with nesting boxes for laying eggs. Additionally, provide perches or platforms for them to roost on at night.

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Health and Common Issues

Campine chickens are generally hardy birds with few specific health concerns. However, like all poultry, they can be susceptible to common ailments such as respiratory infections or parasites. Owners should regularly inspect their birds for signs of illness, including lethargy, loss of appetite, or abnormal droppings. Providing a clean living environment, balanced diet, and access to fresh water can help prevent health issues and promote overall well-being. If owners notice any concerning symptoms, they should consult a veterinarian experienced in poultry care for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Campine Lifespan

Campine chickens typically live for about 6 to 8 years. Factors such as genetics, diet, and living conditions can influence their longevity. With proper care and attention to their health needs, Campines can lead long and productive lives in backyard flocks and small-scale farming operations.

Noise Level

Campine chickens are generally quiet birds. They’re not known for being particularly noisy compared to some other breeds. While they may vocalize occasionally, especially when startled or laying eggs, they typically do not create excessive noise that would disturb neighbors or household members.

Special Care Considerations

Campine chickens don’t have many unique care requirements compared to other breeds. However, they may need extra attention to their feather quality due to their distinctive plumage. Regular grooming and dust bathing can help maintain their appearance and prevent feather issues. Additionally, providing them with enrichment activities to keep them mentally stimulated can help prevent boredom-related behaviors.

Common Uses

Campine chickens are primarily valued for their dual-purpose nature, providing both eggs and meat. While they may not be as commonly used for exhibition or ornamental purposes as some other breeds, their striking appearance and distinctive plumage make them attractive for poultry enthusiasts. Campines contribute to both egg and meat production in backyard flocks and small-scale farming operations, making them versatile birds for homesteaders and enthusiasts.

Fun Facts and Unique Characteristics

Campine chickens have a distinctive barred plumage pattern, resembling the appearance of the wild European Junglefowl. They are known for their active and curious nature, often exploring their surroundings with enthusiasm. Despite their smaller size, Campines can be surprisingly assertive and independent, standing their ground even among larger breeds.

Where Can I Find Campine Chicks?

Campine chickens are relatively uncommon compared to more popular breeds. They are not as readily available for purchase as some of the more common poultry breeds. However, they can still be found through specialty breeders or poultry enthusiasts who focus on preserving rare or heritage breeds. Availability may vary depending on location and demand.

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